PERSPECTIVE Safe Abortion in Women’s Hands: Autonomy and a Human Rights Approach to COVID-19 and Beyond

Andrés López Cabello and Ana Cecilia Gaitán Introduction While SARS-CoV-2 containment measures transformed all spheres of social interaction, the COVID-19 pandemic has subjected national health systems to unforeseen strain, leading to their virtual collapse in many countries. The international health crisis has exacerbated social inequalities, with a disproportionate impact on traditionally neglected people; unfortunately, its socioeconomic impacts are likely only to deepen in the future.[1] Sexual and reproductive health and…

STUDENT ESSAY The Disproportional Impact of COVID-19 on African Americans

Volume 22/2, December 2020, pp 299-307 PDF Maritza Vasquez Reyes Introduction We all have been affected by the current COVID-19 pandemic. However, the impact of the pandemic and its consequences are felt differently depending on our status as individuals and as members of society. While some try to adapt to working online, homeschooling their children and ordering food via Instacart, others have no choice but to be exposed to the…

BOOK REVIEW Preparing the Next Generation to Advance Human Rights in Global Health

Volume 22/2, December 2020, pp 297 – 298 PDF Paul Hunt Foundations of Global Health and Human Rights, edited by Lawrence O. Gostin and Benjamin Mason Meier, Oxford University Press, 2020. Over the last 25 years, the Health and Human Rights Journal has brought together the field of human rights and global health. This field has affected public health practice and global health governance.[1] Out of advocacy in the early…

PERSPECTIVE EU Migration Pact Fails to Address Human Rights Concerns in Lesvos, Greece

Volume 22/2, December 2020, pp 291 – 296 PDF Vasileia Digidiki and Jacqueline Bhabha On September 23, 2020, the European Commission released its draft Pact on Asylum and Migration.[1] The timing was not coincidental. Just two weeks earlier, on September 8, 2020, Moria camp, Europe’s first migrant “hotspot” and its largest refugee camp, had burned to the ground. In the five years since its opening, on the small Greek island…

Regulating Conscientious Objection to Legal Abortion in Argentina: Taking into Consideration Its Uses and Consequences

Volume 22/2, December 2020, pp 271 – 384 PDF Agustina Ramón Michel, Stephanie Kung, Alyse López-Salm, and Sonia Ariza Navarrete Abstract Claims of conscientious objection (CO) have expanded in the health care field, particularly in relation to abortion services. In practice, CO is being used in ways beyond those originally imagined by liberalism, creating a number of barriers to abortion access. In Argentina, current CO regulation is lacking and insufficient.…

Underreporting of Violence to Police among Women Sex Workers in Canada: Amplified Inequities for Im/migrant and In-Call Workers Prior to and Following End-Demand Legislation

Volume 22/2, December 2020, pp 257 – 270 PDF Bronwyn McBride, Kate Shannon, Brittany Bingham, Melissa Braschel, Steffanie Strathdee, and Shira M. Goldenberg Abstract Sex workers globally face high levels of violence. In Canada, im/migrant sex workers who work in indoor venues may be uniquely targeted by police due to immigration policies, racialized policing, and the conflation of trafficking and sex work. In 2014, Canada passed end-demand legislation that purportedly…

Community Mobilization to Promote and Protect the Sexual and Reproductive Rights of Women Living with HIV in Latin America

Volume 22/2, December 2020, pp. 213 – 226 PDF Tamil Kendall, Jimena Avalos Capin, Nazneen Damji, and Eugenia Lopez Uribe Abstract Between 2009 and 2014, the International Community of Women Living with HIV in Latin America and the Mexican feminist civil society organization Balance coordinated a five-country community-led intervention that brought together women living with HIV (WLHIV), trans women, sex workers, and feminist lawyers to document and respond to sexual…

Identifying Strategies to Advance Health Equity through Action on Social Determinants of Health and Human Rights for Street-Connected Children and Youth in Kenya

Volume 22/2, December 2020, pp 177 – 197 PDF Lonnie Embleton, Pooja Shah, Allison Amin Gayapersad, Reuben Kiptui, David Ayuku, and Paula Braitstein Abstract Despite the fact that street-connected children and youth (SCY) in low- and middle-income countries experience numerous social and health inequities, few evidence-based policies and interventions have been implemented to improve their circumstances. Our study analyzed strategies to advance health equity through action on the social determinants…

Assessing a Human Rights-Based Approach to HIV Testing and Partner Notification in Kenya: A Qualitative Study to Examine How Kenya’s Policies and Practices Implement a Rights-Based Approach to Health

Volume 22/2, December 2020, pp 167 – 176 PDF Neiloy R. Sircar and Allan A. Maleche Abstract Kenya encourages HIV testing and notification services, especially for key and affected populations (KAP), in order to identify persons living with HIV and link them to treatment. Kenya and international supporters of its HIV program have sought to scale up these services through increased capacity and training. However, little is known about how…

Intimate Partner Violence, Human Rights Violations, and HIV among Women in Nairobi, Kenya

Volume 22/2, December 2020, pp 155 – 166 PDF Courtney Andrews, Tina Kempin Reuter, Lauren Marsh, Judith M. Velazquez, Walter Jaoko, and Pauline Folly Abstract This study presents qualitative results from a mixed-method investigation conducted between May and August 2012 into the prevalence and consequences of four forms of intimate partner violence among women living with HIV who attended the Comprehensive Care Clinic at the Kenyatta National Hospital in Nairobi.…