Human Rights and Digital Health Technologies

Volume 22/2, December 2020, pp 21-32 PDF Nina Sun, Kenechukwu Esom, Mandeep Dhaliwal, and Joseph J. Amon Abstract Digital health technologies have been heralded as a critical solution to challenges and gaps in the delivery of quality health care and essential to achieving the Sustainable Development Goals. Yet they also present threats to privacy and confidentiality, which can lead to discrimination and violence, resulting in violations of the rights to…

Analyzing the Human Rights Impact of Increased Digital Public Health Surveillance during the COVID-19 Crisis

Volume 22/2, December 2020, pp 7 – 20 PDF Sharifah Sekalala, Stéphanie Dagron, Lisa Forman, and Benjamin Mason Meier Abstract The COVID-19 pandemic has led policy makers to expand traditional public health surveillance to take advantage of new technologies, such as tracking apps, to control the spread of SARS-CoV-2. This article explores the human rights dimensions of how these new surveillance technologies are being used and assesses the extent to…

EDITORIAL Enter the Cyborgs: Health and Human Rights in the Digital Age

Volume 22/2, December 2020, pp 1 – 6 PDF Sara L. M. Davis and Carmel Williams In Donna Haraway’s 1992 A Cyborg Manifesto, the medical anthropologist describes the cyborg as a “hybrid of machine and organism” living “on the boundary between fact and fiction”: “We are all chimeras, theorized and fabricated hybrids of machine and organism.”[1] In 2020, the world that Haraway imagined has arrived, accelerated by the isolation and…

The Right to Health in Times of Pandemic: What Can We Learn from the UK’s Response to the COVID-19 Outbreak?

Volume 22/2, December 2020, pp 227 – 242 PDF Lisa Montel, Anuj Kapilashrami, Michel P. Coleman, and Claudia Allemani Abstract The UK’s response to COVID-19 has been widely criticized by scientists and the public. According to EuroMOMO, a European mortality monitoring initiative, the excess mortality that may be attributable to COVID-19 in England is one of the highest in Europe, second only to Spain. While critiqued from a public health…

A Right-to-Health Lens on Perinatal Mental Health Care in South Africa

Volume 22/2, December 2020, pp 125 – 138 PDF Shelley Brown, Gillian MacNaughton, and Courtenay Sprague Abstract South African women experience some of the highest rates of depression and anxiety globally. Despite South Africa’s laudable human rights commitments to mental health in law, perinatal women are at high risk of common mental disorders due to socioeconomic factors, and they may lack access to mental health services. We used a right…

Beyond Reproduction: The “First 1,000 Days” Approach to Nutrition through a Gendered Rights-Based Lens

Volume 22/2, December 2020, pp 113 – 124 PDF Mai-Lei Woo Kinshella, Sophie E. Moore, and Rajavel Elango Abstract The First 1,000 Days approach highlights the importance of adequate nutrition in early life—from conception to a child’s second birthday—for good development and growth throughout the child’s life and potentially onto their own offspring. The approach has been highly influential in mobilizing policy attention and resources to improve maternal and infant…

COVID-19 Clinical Bias, Persons with Disabilities, and Human Rights

Volume 22/2, December 2020, pp 285 – 290 PDF Omar Sultan Haque and Michael Ashley Stein Persons with disabilities have historically been discriminated against by society, including fulfilment of the right to equal access to health care.[1] The more egregious practices, historically as well as today, include outright denials of access to health care, involuntary sterilization, forced institutionalization, coerced treatment, and substituted decision-making.[2] Discrimination also occurs by more insidious practices.…

Establishing Good Practice for Human Rights-Based Approaches to Mental Health Care and Psychosocial Support in Kenya

Volume 22/2, December 2020, pp 139 – 154 PDF Faraaz Mahomed, Jacqueline Bhabha, Michael Ashley Stein, and Dainius Pūras Abstract A human rights-based approach (HRBA) to health has long been seen as an important way in which to address public health needs in a manner that is equitable and conducive to social justice. Yet the actual content of an HRBA to health remains unspecific, and therefore implementation remains heterogeneous. This…

A Health-Based Case against Canadian Arms Transfers to Saudi Arabia

Volume 22/2, December 2020, pp 243 – 256 PDF Rhonda Ferguson and Zarlasht Jamal Abstract Under the Arms Trade Treaty, state parties must assess the extent to which the export of conventional arms might contribute to, inter alia, serious violations of human rights or international humanitarian law. The stated aims of Canada’s arms export licensing decision-making process are, similarly, to assess such risks on a case-by-case basis. This paper examines…

Police Discrimination, Misconduct, and Stigmatization of Female Sex Workers in Kenya: Associations with Delayed and Avoided Health Care Utilization and Lower Consistent Condom Use

Volume 22/2, December 2020, pp. 199 – 212 PDF David Kuria Mbote, Laura Nyblade, Caroline Kemunto, Kayla Giger, Joshua Kimani, Pia Mingkwan, Stella Njuguna, Emmanuel Oga, and John D. Kraemer Abstract Discrimination and violence against sex workers by police are common in many populations and is associated with negative health outcomes, as well as being per se violations of human rights laws and norms. There is a close and mutually…