Perspective — Les droits de l’homme au cours de la quatrième décennie de riposte au VIH/sida : un héritage inspirant et une urgence impérieuse

Jamie Enoch et Peter Piot Résumé Plus de 35 ans après le début de la pandémie de VIH/sida, le VIH est toujours à l’origine de près de deux millions de nouvelles infections chaque année et la « fin du sida » d’ici 2030 appert difficile à atteindre.1 Les violations des droits de l’homme continuent d’alimenter les taux élevés de nouvelles infections chez les populations clés et l’épidémie généralisée qui sévit dans une grande partie de…

Éditorial ― Tirer des leçons du passé pour remédier aux obstacles juridiques, sociaux et structurels à la riposte au VIH

Luisa Cabal et Patrick Eba Le premier numéro spécial sur le VIH et les droits de l’homme publié par cette revue en 1998 mettait en lumière de nouvelles préoccupations au sujet de la vulnérabilité au VIH, à savoir que les obstacles structurels, juridiques et sociaux se trouvaient au cœur même de cette vulnérabilité.1 Le numéro spécial attirait l’attention sur les problèmes et les violations des droits de l’homme auxquels sont particulièrement confrontés…

Avant-Propos — Mobiliser la force et le potentiel des droits de l’homme pour enrayer l’épidémie de sida d’ici à 2030

Michel Sidibé Nous avons atteint un moment charnière dans l’épidémie et la riposte au VIH. Les progrès accomplis dans la riposte à l’épidémie sont impressionnants : un nombre sans précédent de personnes a maintenant accès au traitement antirétroviral, en particulier dans les pays à revenu faible et intermédiaire, et on constate une diminution globale des nouvelles infections à VIH. Pourtant, l’épidémie n’est pas enrayée et nous avons encore des défis de…

Editorial—Learning from the Past: Confronting Legal, Social, and Structural Barriers to the HIV Response

Luisa Cabal and Patrick Eba The first special issue on HIV and human rights published by this journal in 1998 highlighted emerging concerns that structural, legal, and social barriers were at the core of vulnerability to HIV.[1] It called attention to the specific challenges and human rights violations faced by women, gay men and men who have sex with men, people who use drugs, and persons with disabilities, and stressed…

Editorial—The Critical Role of Research in Advancing Romani’s Right to Health

Jacqueline Bhabha, Margareta Matache, and Teresa Sorde Marti As we finalize this special section on Romani People and the Right to Health, a landmark ruling on Roma health rights has just been handed down by the European Committee of Social Rights. On October 16, 2017, the committee accepted as admissible the European Roma Rights Centre’s complaint against Bulgaria alleging systemic discrimination against Romani women in maternity wards.[1] The complaint details…

Foreword—Harnessing the Power and Promise of Human Rights to End AIDS by 2030

Michel Sidibé The HIV epidemic and response are at a critical juncture. Our advances against the epidemic have been impressive, with unprecedented numbers of people accessing antiretroviral treatment, especially in low- and middle-income countries, and a global reduction in new HIV infections. However, the epidemic is not over, and the challenges ahead are significant. More than 15.8 million people are still awaiting treatment, while an estimated 11 million people do…

Dedicated Caravan Sites for French Gens du Voyage: Public Health Policy or Construction of Health and Environmental Inequalities?

Lise Foisneau Abstract In France, gens du voyage (“people who travel” or “travellers”) is a term used by the government to categorize various itinerant populations, the majority of which are diverse Romani groups. People categorized as gens du voyage are legally required to reside in particular locations called “dedicated caravan sites.” Parliamentary debates about these dedicated caravan sites have clarified that one of the objectives of such sites is to…

No More Broken Promises: Challenges and Opportunities for Key Populations in Demanding More Transparency, Accountability, and Participation in the Global Response Against the HIV and AIDS Epidemic

Tomás A. Chang Pico, Jillian Clare Kohler, Julia Hoffmann, and Lucy Mungala Abstract The global fight against HIV/AIDS continues to pose challenges: infection rates are on the rise in many settings, stigma and discrimination remain rampant, and the global response is under increasing financial pressure. There is a high risk of losing what has been achieved so far in the fight against HIV and AIDS, but also the momentum to…

The Influence of Ethnicity and Displacement on Quality of Antenatal Care: The Case of Roma, Ashkali, and Balkan Egyptian Communities in Kosovo

Kristefer Stojanovski, Alaka Holla, Ilir Hoxha, Elizabeth Howell, and Teresa Janevic Abstract The conflict in Kosovo created mass displacement and a fractured health system. Roma, Ashkali, and Balkan Egyptian communities are particularly vulnerable to discrimination and exclusion from institutions. We aimed to examine Roma, Ashkali, and Balkan Egyptian disparities in quantity and quality of antenatal care received. We conducted a cross-sectional study in August 2012 with 603 women aged 15…

Global Survey of National Constitutions: Mapping Constitutional Commitments to Sexual and Reproductive Health and Rights

Lucía Berro Pizzarossa and Katrina Perehudoff Abstract General Comment No. 22, issued in 2016 by the Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (CESCR), clarifies states’ legal duties to respect, protect, and fulfill the right to sexual and reproductive health (SRH). Our study analyzes domestic constitutions around the world to investigate whether and to what extent the right to sexual and reproductive health is respected, protected, and fulfilled; to what…