Community Mobilization to Promote and Protect the Sexual and Reproductive Rights of Women Living with HIV in Latin America

Volume 22/2, December 2020, pp. 213 – 226 PDF Tamil Kendall, Jimena Avalos Capin, Nazneen Damji, and Eugenia Lopez Uribe Abstract Between 2009 and 2014, the International Community of Women Living with HIV in Latin America and the Mexican feminist civil society organization Balance coordinated a five-country community-led intervention that brought together women living with HIV (WLHIV), trans women, sex workers, and feminist lawyers to document and respond to sexual…

Identifying Strategies to Advance Health Equity through Action on Social Determinants of Health and Human Rights for Street-Connected Children and Youth in Kenya

Volume 22/2, December 2020, pp 177 – 197 PDF Lonnie Embleton, Pooja Shah, Allison Amin Gayapersad, Reuben Kiptui, David Ayuku, and Paula Braitstein Abstract Despite the fact that street-connected children and youth (SCY) in low- and middle-income countries experience numerous social and health inequities, few evidence-based policies and interventions have been implemented to improve their circumstances. Our study analyzed strategies to advance health equity through action on the social determinants…

Assessing a Human Rights-Based Approach to HIV Testing and Partner Notification in Kenya: A Qualitative Study to Examine How Kenya’s Policies and Practices Implement a Rights-Based Approach to Health

Volume 22/2, December 2020, pp 167 – 176 PDF Neiloy R. Sircar and Allan A. Maleche Abstract Kenya encourages HIV testing and notification services, especially for key and affected populations (KAP), in order to identify persons living with HIV and link them to treatment. Kenya and international supporters of its HIV program have sought to scale up these services through increased capacity and training. However, little is known about how…

Intimate Partner Violence, Human Rights Violations, and HIV among Women in Nairobi, Kenya

Volume 22/2, December 2020, pp 155 – 166 PDF Courtney Andrews, Tina Kempin Reuter, Lauren Marsh, Judith M. Velazquez, Walter Jaoko, and Pauline Folly Abstract This study presents qualitative results from a mixed-method investigation conducted between May and August 2012 into the prevalence and consequences of four forms of intimate partner violence among women living with HIV who attended the Comprehensive Care Clinic at the Kenyatta National Hospital in Nairobi.…

Toward Human Rights-Consistent Responses to Health Emergencies: What Is the Overlap between Core Right to Health Obligations and Core International Health Regulation Capacities?

Volume 22/2, December 2020, pp 99 -112 PDF Brigit Toebes, Lisa Forman, and Giulio Bartolini Abstract COVID-19 has highlighted the responsibilities of states under the International Health Regulations (IHR), as well as state accountability in case of a breach. These approaches and dimensions are valuable, as many COVID responses have breached human rights. We should also look beyond this crisis and address country preparedness for effective and equitable responses to…

Autonomous Health Movements: Criminalization, De-Medicalization, and Community-Based Direct Action

Volume 22/2, December 2020, pp 85 – 98 PDF Naomi Braine Abstract This paper proposes the concept of autonomous health movements, drawing on an analysis of harm reduction in the United States and self-managed abortion globally. Harm reduction and self-managed abortion appear in the professional literature largely as evidenced-based public health strategies, more than as social movements. However, each began at the margins of the law as a form of…

VIEWPOINT The Human Rights Challenges of Digital COVID-19 Surveillance

Volume 22/2, December 2020, pp. 79 – 83 PDF Akarsh Venkatasubramanian Digital technologies offer huge potential to improve the accuracy, breadth, reliability, and speed of contact tracing and other public health surveillance measures. However, in the absence of appropriate global governance frameworks, the usage of digital technologies during health emergencies presents multidimensional challenges. The article by Sharifah Sekalala and colleagues in this issue analyzes the human rights implications of tools…

VIEWPOINT An Invitation to a Feminist Approach to Global Health Data

Volume 22/2, December 2020, pp. 75 -78 PDF Shirin Heidari and Heather Doyle The notable gendered socioeconomic, health, and human rights implications of COVID-19 have sparked a renewed conversation on gender data gaps and the risks of gender-blind responses that ignore structural determinants of health and undermine social justice goals.1 Higher mortality among men, disproportionate social, economic, and health effects on ethnic and racial minorities, high infection rates among the…

VIEWPOINT Participatory Machine Learning Using Community-Based System Dynamics

Volume 22/2, December 2020, pp 71 – 74 PDF Vinodkumar Prabhakaran and Donald Martin Jr. The pervasive digitization of health data, aided with advancements in machine learning (ML) techniques, has triggered an exponential growth in the research and development of ML applications in health, especially in areas such as drug discovery, clinical diagnosis, and public health.[1] A growing body of research has shown evidence that ML techniques, if unchecked, have…

VIEWPOINT From Information to Valuable Asset: The Commercialization of Health Data as a Human Rights Issue

Volume 22/2, December 2020, pp. 67 – 70 PDF Amy Dickens Health data is a valuable source of knowledge that states can use to advance or undermine the right to health. But the sources and use of health data are changing in our emerging global data economy. Novel forms of digitized health information are fueling a booming industry for algorithmic technologies in health care, rendering it a huge source of…