NEW HHRJ SERIES: Calling for blogs on SDGs, Accountability, and the Right to Health

Robust accountability processes and mechanisms are an essential component of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. In our recent SDG SERIES, contributors repeatedly called for human rights to underpin these processes and mechanisms. In response, the Health and Human Rights Journal is now calling for contributions for a new series of blogs on “SDGs, Accountability, and the Right to Health.” Contributions may explore practical and procedural interpretations arising from an…

Mary Robinson Introduces the COP21 SERIES: Climate change, COP21, and the right to health

Introduction by Mary Robinson I am delighted to welcome and launch this Health and Human Rights Journal series on climate change, COP21 and the right to health. The initiative is timely; on Monday October 19, 2015, climate negotiators will reconvene in Bonn, Germany, for the final five days of negotiations before the Conference of Parties (COP21) begins in Paris on November 30. This is an incredibly important year; 2015 could…

Sex Segregation in Sport: A Denial of Rights and Opportunities for Health

Caroline Voyles In April 2019, Caster Semenya, the two-time Olympic champion sprinter from South Africa, lost her appeal with the Court for Arbitration for Sport. The court ruled, with judges voting 2-1, in favor of a cap on testosterone levels for women in elite athletics competition, forcing Semenya to take drugs to artificially lower her testosterone to compete in certain women’s events.1 A number of writers and organizations responding to…

Relationships are Human Rights Determinants in Mental Health

Julie Hannah and Tasneem Sadiq  We are who we are because of other people – Ubuntu saying Relationships matter.  Relationships—the vital connections between individuals, families, communities, and with the natural environment, throughout the course of our lives—are a foundational precondition for our health and well-being.  Access to a psycho-social and social environment that fosters respectful relationships is a human right, as outlined by the UN Special Rapporteur on the right…

BOOK REVIEW Being Bold about Rights in a Neoliberal World

Audrey Chapman Economic and Social Rights in a Neoliberal World, edited by Gillian MacNaughton and Diane F. Frey, Cambridge University Press, 2018 Neoliberalism, the dominant political ideology and economic and political policy during the past 40 years, poses significant challenges for human rights, particularly economic, social, and cultural rights. Also referred to as market fundamentalism, neoliberalism maintains that human well-being can best be advanced within an institutional framework characterized by…

BOOK REVIEW Assessing Human Rights in Global Health Governance

Julie Hannah Human Rights in Global Health: Rights-Based Governance for a Globalizing World, edited by Benjamin Mason Meier and Lawrence Gostin, published by Oxford University Press, 2018 Institutions matter, and institutions of global health governance are increasingly implementing human rights to advance global health. This is the central contention of Human Rights in Global Health: Rights-Based Governance for a Globalising World, a unique and comprehensive survey of global institutions, public…

RESEARCH PROTOCOL Assessing a Human Rights-Based Approach to HIV in Kenya

Neiloy R. Sircar, Tabitha G. Saoyo, and Allan A. Maleche Abstract Kenya is actively encouraging HIV testing and notification services in order to identify persons living with HIV and link them to treatment. Recently, Kenya and international supporters of its HIV program have sought to scale up these services through increased capacity and training. However, little is known about how this strategy has been implemented and is being sustained, particularly…

Two Row Wampum, Human Rights, and the Elimination of Tuberculosis from High-Incidence Indigenous Communities

Richard Long, Courtney Heffernan,* Melissa Cardinal-Grant, Amber Lynn, Lori Sparling, Dorilda Piche, Mara Nokohoo, and Diane Janvier Abstract The Two Row Wampum belt is a symbolic record of the first agreement between Europeans and American Indians on Turtle Island (North America). The agreement outlined a commitment to friendship and peace between people living perpetually in parallel, with each party recognizing the other as an equal partner. Subsequent treaty relationships between…

The Impact of the Presidential Alternative Treatment Program on People Living with HIV and the Gambian HIV Response

Sarah L. Bosha, Michelle Adeniyi, Jenna Ivan, Roya Ghiaseddin, Fabakary Minteh, Lamin F. Barrow, and Rex Kuye Abstract In January 2007, former president of The Gambia Yahya Jammeh created the Presidential Alternative Treatment Program (PATP), which introduced a fraudulent “HIV cure.” PATP and the fraudulent HIV herbal cure (PATP cure) were widely advertised in state media through patient testimonials and specially produced broadcasts of Jammeh administering treatment, enticing people living…

The Role of Gender in the Health and Human Rights Practices of Police: The SHIELD Study in Tijuana, Mexico

Teresita Rocha-Jiménez, Maria Luisa Mittal, Irina Artamonova, Pieter Baker, Javier Cepeda, Mario Morales, Daniela Abramovitz, Erika Clairgue, Arnulfo Bañuelos, Thomas Patterson, Steffanie Strathdee, and Leo Beletsky Abstract Globally, punitive drug law enforcement drives human rights violations. Drug control tactics, such as syringe confiscation and drug-related arrests, also cascade into health harms among people who use drugs. The role of police officer characteristics in shaping such enforcement and measures to reform…

Tomorrow’s Stewards: The Case for a Unified International Framework on the Environmental Rights of Children

Karen E. Makuch, Sunya Zaman, and Miriam R. Aczel Abstract This paper evaluates an approach for strengthening environmental rights for children to safeguard child health. We focus on children as beneficiaries of environmental rights on account of their vulnerability to environmental impacts on their physical and mental health. Current legal frameworks, unless explicitly identifying children as beneficiaries, arguably tend to be adult-centric. Our goal here is to develop a comprehensive…

Teaching Health as a Human Right in the Undergraduate Context: Challenges and Opportunities

Bisan A. Salhi and Peter J. Brown Abstract This paper explores the possibility of a pedagogy about health and human rights that is understandable and persuasive to undergraduate students yet does not succumb to a reductive dualism of optimism and pessimism. In 2014, we presented the topic of health and human rights in an introductory undergraduate global health course in conjunction with the exhibit “Health is a Human Right: Race…