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By Health and Human Rights communications assistant Gabrielle Tyson
In an article published in the May 21 edition of The London Review of Books, Health and Human Rights Journal editor-in-chief, Paul Farmer, illuminates the staggering number of caregivers and physicians who not only gave their time and effort to fighting Ebola in West Africa, but ultimately their lives as well. Farmer notes the disparity in health care between the rich and the poor—a reality that most people in developed countries know but rarely think about.
Farmer highlights a study outlining the extremely poor quality of surgical care available in Sierra Leone:
A 2013 study by a team including another Lancet commissioner, T.B. Kamara, compared the surgical care in Sierra Leone’s district hospitals with what was available in the Union Army’s field hospitals during the American Civil War. They concluded that the working conditions of the Union’s surgical teams, and their outcomes, were ‘equivalent and in many ways superior’ to those available to Kamara’s fellow citizens.
Farmer points out that several physicians died in Sierra Leone—far from the sort of care that could have saved their lives—because of their commitment to bringing safer surgery and treatment to the most affected remote regions of West Africa. He also mentions that many successful victories over infectious diseases, such as AIDS, have been due not to policy changes but to an increase in public awareness and sympathy, which in turn generated more donors, involved more NGOs and community-based organizations, and caught the attention of more government agencies. He notes that while emergency humanitarian assistance can save many lives, it is almost always exceptional, meaning it only provides assistance against one or two diseases; it does not effect systemic health care changes in the countries that are most affected. Farmer is direct in his conclusion when he writes:
If we are to honour the memories of those who died from this caregivers’ disease, we would do well to muster the resources and resolve to build strong healthcare systems in those parts of the world that have never known them.
Original study published in The London Review of Books, Vol. 37, No. 10.
Papers In Press
Europe’s Shifting Response to HIV/AIDS: From Human Rights to Risk Management
HIV, Hepatitis C, TB, Harm Reduction, and Persons Deprived of Liberty: What Standards Does International Human Rights Law Establish?
Gen Sander and Rick Lines
International Human Rights and the Mistreatment of Women during Childbirth
Rajat Khosla, Christina Zampas, Joshua P. Vogel, Meghan A. Bohren, Mindy Roseman, and Joanna N. Erdman
HIV and the Right to Health in Colombia
Corey Prachniak-Rincón and Jimena Villar de Onís
Transforming Policy into Justice: The Role of Health Advocates in Mozambique
Ellie Feinglass, Nadja Gomes, and Vivek Maru
Reproductive Health Policy in Tunisia: Women's Right to Reproductive Health and Gender Empowerment
Nada Amroussia, Alison Hernandez, and Isabel Goicolea
Letter to the Editor: Moving the Debate Forward in Right to Health Litigation
Octavio Luiz Motta Ferraz
Letter to the Editor Response: On the Heterogeneity and Politics of the Judicialization of Health in Brazil
João Biehl, Mariana P. Socal, Joseph J. Amon
Terminal Patients and the Right to Refuse Medical Treatment in Argentina
Martín Hevia and Daniela Schnidrig
Book review: Advancing Global Health and Human Rights in this Neoliberal Era
Harvard FXB Health and Human Rights Consortium Student Essay Competition:
Human Rights, Law and Abortion in El Salvador
Lessons from Jonathan Mann: The Ten Commandments on Multidrug-Resistant TB
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